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The Lie: Evolution
 

Articles


Evolutionists Tacitly Admit Creation

By Karl C. Priest Oct. 2, 2008) (revised 2-20-17)

Poor, pitiful evolutionists! True Believers in Evolutionism (TBEs) are forced to use words like “adapted” or “modified” oblivious to the fact that a hot-rod is only “adapted” or “modified” by intelligent mechanics or engineers.

Confronted with the realities of God’s creation they are forced to use terms that, in effect, admit that life is designed. Scientists are absolutely astounded at what they have found about insects. Brilliant scientists, from various highly technical fields using very complicated instruments, spend years to DESIGN things such as a camera based upon one of the simplest of insect eyes. It is disgraceful that they attribute the miracles to “nature”—the goddess of evolutionism. Just read their own words below to see that evolutionists cannot avoid crediting the Creator. For your benefit, I have bolded the words that condemn evolutionists to admitting design (i.e. creation).

This is an excellent example exemplifying that insects have been the same since creation (or millions of years for deluded Darwinists). Take note of the title.

“Jurassic cricket's song recreated

Just like modern bush crickets - also known as katydids - the Jurassic insects produced music with their wings.  A "plectrum" on one wing was dragged along a microscopic comb-like structure on the other…Prof Mike Ritchie from the University of St Andrews said it was surprising that "way back in early cricket time, they were already producing these very musical calls". "People thought singing in crickets probably evolved later from a startle reflex," he told BBC Nature. " But this suggests that [very early on] they were already... producing these lovely, pure tones to compete for a mate.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/16878292

Also, see Thank God for Insects and Fantastic Flight.
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Robotics engineers often find their inspiration from nature. For six-legged robots, a nature-inspired gait proved an impediment to maximum speed. Researchers at the University of Lausanne and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, UNIL and EPFL, wanted to find out if there was a faster way for their insect-inspired robot to scurry… Using the fly species Drosophila melanogaster as a model, researchers built a computer simulation to test different gaits.
(http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2017/02/17/Scientists-invent-new-faster-gait-for-six-legged-robots/7581487342034/?ref=yfp) Bio-inspired gaits – less efficient for robots – are used by real insects since they have adhesive pads to walk in three dimensions. The results provide novel approaches for roboticists and new information to biologists… The tripod gait has long inspired engineers who design six-legged robots…designers of insect-inspired
http://actu.epfl.ch/news/six-legged-robots-faster-than-nature-inspired-gait/
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Using the roach technique as inspiration, Jayaram designed a simple and cheap palm-sized robot that can splay its legs outward when squashed, then capped it with a plastic shield similar to the tough, smooth wings covering the back of a cockroach. Called CRAM, for compressible robot with articulated mechanisms, it was able to squeeze into and run through crevices half its height.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/02/160208182904.htm

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…butterflies create colors from nanostructures in their wings, honey bees can see and respond to ultraviolet signals, and fireflies use flash communication systems…Understanding and harnessing natural design concepts deepens our knowledge of complex biological systems and inspires ideas for creating novel technologies.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150618145812.htm
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With such a suite of aerodynamic tricks, it is no wonder that engineers are using bees as inspiration in the design of aircraft. It took 50 years to explain how bees fly, and scientists still have not discovered all their secrets.
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v521/n7552_supp/full/521S64a.html
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Evolution has created in bees, butterflies, and beetles something optical engineers have been struggling to achieve for years—precisely organized biophotonic crystals that can be used to improve solar cells, fiber-optic cables, and even cosmetics and paints, a new Yale-led study has found.
http://phys.org/news/2015-05-bees-butterflies-optical.html
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Understanding the (bombardier) beetles' ability to survive these intense internal explosions may help in designing blast-protection systems; this study shows how the sophisticated and specialized biological design of the system works to simultaneously achieve defensive and protective functions.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150430145122.htm

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This could be the bee version of the robot apocalypse: Researchers from the Universities of Sheffield and Sussex have installed a drone with a honeybee brain, and it flies much like a real-life bee, reports Discover. Fleets of these bee-like bots could even one day takeover for actual, organic honeybees in the task of pollinating our crops. The research is part of the Green Brain Project, which seeks to create artificial brains that are modeled after the brains of real-life creatures, and install them into robots.
http://www.mnn.com/green-tech/research-innovations/stories/drone-flies-after-being-installed-with-honeybee-brain
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Beetles beat us to the screw and nut--Wondering if the design was unique to T. oblongus, Riedel looked at 15 other weevil species from different families. They all had the same screw-and-nut mechanism… "Insects are fabulous."
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20638-beetles-beat-us-to-the-screw-and-nut.html#.VTG3H5UtHmQ
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The bees' technique, which depends mostly on eyesight, may help engineers design a new generation of automated aircraft that would be undetectable to radar or sonar systems and would make perfectly gentle landings, even in outer space. "This is something an engineer would not think of while sitting in an armchair and thinking about how to land an aircraft"… "This is something we wouldn't have thought of if we hadn't watched bees do their landings."... "We don't know how they're doing it," he said, "But they're doing it."… It's a graceful and acrobatic motion that would be well suited to aircraft design… Figuring out the rules that simple animals use to translate vision into motion…could help engineers design machines that mimic nature in unexpected ways.
http://www.nbcnews.com/id/34577557/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/why-bees-always-have-safe-landing/#.VPPVorstHVI

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The robot is called Hector, and its construction is modelled on a stick insect. Inspired by the insect, Hector has passive elastic joints and an ultralight exoskeleton. What makes it unique is that it is also equipped with a great number of sensors and it functions according to a biologically inspired decentralized reactive control concept… The walking robot has been built by the Biomechatronics research group. In the future, Hector should serve as a platform for biologists and roboticists to test hypotheses about animal locomotion. One major aspect will be the fusion of large amounts of data from sensors so that the robot can walk more autonomously than before. A further key issue will be the optimal coordination of movements by a robot with elastic drives…Schneider and his team developed the elastic joint drives themselves. Hector has 18 such joints. Through the biologically inspired elasticity of the drives, Hector can adapt flexibly to the properties of the surfaces over which it is walking….The challenge was to develop a control system that would coordinate the movements of its legs in difficult surroundings as well.' Schneider's colleague Jan Paskarbeit was responsible for developing and building the robot. He also programmed a virtual version of Hector in order to test experimental control approaches without damaging the robot…At the CITEC Center of Excellence, eight research groups have joined together for three years in a large-scale project to optimize Hector. The scientists come from the fields of computer science, biology, physics, and engineering. Currently, the researchers are working on equipping Hector's front section with far-range sensors as in a head… Both the visual and the tactile systems are inpired (sic) by those of insects -- their work spaces and their resolutions are similar to those of animal models. 'A major challenge will now be to find an efficient way to integrate these far-range sensors with the posture sensors and joint control sensors…The research on Hector is the outcome of a series of earlier research projects. For example, the functional parts for Hector were manufactured in the CITEC project 'MULERO' and in the project 'ELAN'. 'ELAN' was financed by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. In the EU project 'EMICAB', Axel Schneider's and Volker Dürr's teams collaborated with three further European teams engaged in research on intelligent motion control in insects and robots. For Dürr and his team, this involved evaluating motion sequences in stick insects in order to understand the control mechanisms in the insect's nervous system and transfer these to computer models. A further stage in the construction of the robot was the design and manufacture of the robot body. A green and white design model was developed with designers from the Folkwang University of the Arts in Essen and engineers at the Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research in Dresden.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/12/141216112921.htm

If this was a typical report on the amazing locomotive ability of a walking stick insect it would read (saving lots of ink) , “Over millions of years evolution, using natural selection and mutations (mistakes) built this creature (robot) adapted to its environment.” I wonder how many millions of years it would take for the typo to correct itself. Also see Helping Evolutionists Get It Right. Karl
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A tropical butterfly might not be the first place to look when seeking inspiration for the latest bomb sniffing technology for the US military, but the brightly coloured iridescent wings of a blue morpho provides one example of a promising branch of science - bio-inspiration…"They are aesthetically beautiful," he said, "But scientifically, from the perspective of the physics which underpin the colour, they are hugely interesting. They are complicated. They are adapted to serve a set of complicated functions. The optical ingenuity that's responsible for the appearances which we see is tremendous. (bold font added)
http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-28214684

Substitute “destined” for adapted. Brainless evolution could not have better “adapted” the original design let alone designed it in the first place! [ adapt: to change (something) so that it functions better or is better suited for a purpose. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/adapt)] Karl
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For these two items I mulled over putting them in Helping Evolutionists Get It Right (Sometimes there is overlap. Also with BWAH HAH HAH HAAAA! ), but decided just to put them here and put the deranged Darwinist dross words in red font.) Karl

Biomimetic design: the case of trap-jaw ant mandibles”
The challenge of designing a mechanism that would replicate the behavior of trap-jaw ant mandible strikes was successfully met. An overview of the mandible strikes, together with the theoretical background demonstrating the advantage of utilizing a catapult mechanism, as in the biological system, is presented, while scaling issues are also explored in some detail. Finally, an overview of the design and manufacturing processes is given, highlighting the fact that, oftentimes, solutions to biologically inspired systems are already present in nature, having been developed through millions of years of evolution.
http://vakis.atspace.eu/pdfs/trapjaws.pdf

Therefore, in many insects, the speed of action reaches or even surpasses the velocity limitations inherent to muscle contraction. Irrespective of phylogenetic relationships, convergent evolution has resulted in special mechanical designs (e.g. springs or catapults; Alexander, 1995) that overcome the constraints of muscle action in many arthropods. In addition to fast mechanics, both prey and predators rely on rapid neuronal and muscular systems to initiate and control their swift escape or predatory actions. The trap-jaw design seems to be such an effective means for catching insect prey that it has evolved independently at least three times among the ants. Convergent evolution has modified different parts of the head and different neuronal elements to fit one function: a mandible strike of high speed and precision.
http://jeb.biologists.org/content/199/9/2021.full.pdf
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To better understand the strengths and upper limits of the ant's neck, the researchers reverse-engineered the biomechanics by developing 3-D models of the of the ant's internal and external anatomy…"The neck joint [of the ant] is a complex and highly integrated mechanical system.  
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/05/140520133222.htm
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The hairy legs of water striders are artfully designed to strike a balance between the water capillary action and gravity, Chinese researchers have discovered. They found the spacing of the insect's leg hairs fits a formula that takes into account the contact angle of the hairs and fluid mechanics to ensure maximum load-carrying capacity and floating stability.
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2014/03/05/3956647.htm

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Latest research from Cambridge's Department of Zoology shows that stick insects have specialised pads on their legs designed to produce large amounts of friction with very little pressure…By studying the 'heel pads' in more detail, researchers discovered the insects have developed a way to generate massive friction when walking upright… The researchers say the study -- published today in the Journal of the Royal SocietyInterface -- reveals yet another example of natural engineering…-- simply through clever structural design. "Just by arrangement and morphology, nature teaches us that good design… These design features work in harmony to generate large amounts of friction with comparatively tiny amounts of pressure from the insect. Importantly, there is hardly any contact area without some tiny amount of pressure -- which means that the specialised 'frictional hairs' don't stick. Arrays of tiny hairs have been found before, for example on the feet of geckos, beetles and flies. However, these hairs are designed to stick, and are used when creatures are vertical or hanging upside down…"We investigate these insects to try and understand biological systems, but lessons from nature such as this might also be useful for inspiring new approaches in human-made devices…
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140219075446.htm
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The hairy legs of water striders are artfully designed to strike a balance between the water capillary action and gravity, Chinese researchers have discovered… The spacing is designed to maximise the supporting force provided by the water surface tension which creates a meniscus — a curved surface of water — in between each individual hair. It is also designed so the water doesn't cling to the hair, enabling the water strider to move quickly and easily across the water surface.
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2014/03/05/3956647.htm
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Insects are incredible nanotechnologists. The surfaces of many insect wings have evolved properties materials scientists only dream of for their creations. For instance, some wings are superhydrophobic, due to a clever combination of natural chemistry and their detailed structure at the nanoscopic scale.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091111111259.htm
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The termites need to be able to keep water off their wings without adding extra weight, which would make it even more difficult for them to fly than it is already, he says. The grooved hair shaft and the star-like structures are perfect designs for minimising the amount of material necessary to making an anti-wetting surface, says Watson.
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2010/02/08/2809284.htm
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Watson says cicada wings are just one of many natural blueprints
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2013/04/30/3747559.htm

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Presented at the 2014 Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology annual conference, Burton's first invention is a cocktail boat inspired by Microvelia water bugs…As with all engineering projects, these designs came as the result of years of dedicated study and countless hours developing prototypes in the lab… Biologically-inspired design is a rapidly expanding field, inspiring new technologies across a tremendous spectrum of engineering disciplines, from aerospace to biomedical. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140107092715.htm
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These entries about biomimicry contain comments that certainly fit in BWAH HAH HAH HAAAA!. Karl

Biomimicry (from bios, meaning life, and mimesis, meaning to imitate) is a new discipline that studies nature's best ideas and then imitates these designs and processes to solve human problems.
http://biomimicryinstitute.org/about-us/what-is-biomimicry.html Karl

The goal is to create robots that can travel in swarms over rough terrain to come to the aide of catastrophe victims... This new form of AI (artificial intelligence) takes its inspiration from the insect world, but is more as an abstract reflection on their instincts and design principles than merely imitating their morphology... “I am fascinated by the creative process,” said Kovac, “and how it is possible to use the sophistication found in nature to create something completely new.”
http://www.robaid.com/bionics/insects-biomimicry-for-robots-that-hop-jump-and-stick.htm

A group of researchers from the University of Oxford is developing small aerial vehicles with flapping wings inspired by those found on insects... “Nature has solved the problem of how to design miniature flying machines”, said lead researcher Dr Richard Bomphrey, from the University of Oxford Department of Zoology. http://www.robaid.com/bionics/researchers-observe-flying-insects-to-create-smaller-flying-machine

Insects’ agility in flight is unmatched. It’s been an inspiration to many inventors as in inventing helicopters or other flying machines. Instead creating robots which resemble insects, a few groups of engineers decided to develop technology which controls insects. An unquestioned fact is that nature developed the insects far better than humans are trying to mimic while building robots which resemble animals (if nothing else it had far more time)...
http://www.robaid.com/bionics/borg-insects-mini-spies-of-the-future.htm

Engineers at Harvard University...” suspect that similar passive mechanisms exist in nature, in actual insects...We take our inspiration from biology, and from the elegant simplicity that has evolved in so many natural systems.”
http://www.robaid.com/bionics/parity-drivetrain-govern-the-flight-of-minuscule-aerial-robots.htm
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The weevil joint “is remarkable from a mechanical and anatomical standpoint,” says Roy Ritzmann, who studies insect locomotion at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland. “It does confirm my notion that just about anything that is possible, insects will have evolved.”
http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/332065/title/Weevils_evolved_nut-and-screw_joint
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Monarch butterflies use medicinal plants to treat their offspring for disease, before they even hatch, a new study finds.

De Roode added, "You look at these creatures that we think are very simple, and they can do this fantastic thing.
http://www.livescience.com/10839-monarch-butterflies-medicate.html

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"Tests have shown that these wasps will destroy up to 80 percent of the stink bug population," says Kim Hoelmer, the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture scientist in charge of the project. "They're efficient egg-stinging machines. For something so tiny, it's absolutely amazing the behaviors that are hard-wired into their little brains."
http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/03/02/2093300/tiny-wasps-could-curb-a-massive.html
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"Our research shows that insects can learn about each other. They are a lot cleverer than we thought they were. In the past, people have thought of insects somewhat as mindless automatons that just follow certain decision rules. But it is becoming increasingly clear that they have complex cognitive capacities that play an important role."
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-04/uoc--rot042109.php
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“I have been studying honeybees since 1980, and I am often surprised by our experimental results. The bee is smart.” ... Bees can learn sameness and difference, for example. Coauthor Jürgen Tautz of the University of Würzburg in Germany predicts “astonishment of experts and laymen alike” at the sophistication of the tiny honeybee... Honeybees might be getting by with less memory capacity because they use clever strategies like categorization.
http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/40270/title/A_honeybee_tells_two_from_three
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The remarkable honey bee can tell the difference between different numbers at a glance. A fresh, astonishing revelation about the 'numeracy' of insects has emerged from new research by an international team of scientists from The Vision Centre, in Australia, published January 28 in the online, open-access, peer-reviewed journal PLoS ONE.
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-01/plos-tnh012709.php
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(Regarding a beetle that can change colors. Karl)

"Nature never stops surprising us with elegant solutions to everyday problems," adds Radislav Potyrailo, an analytical chemist at the GE Global Research Center in Niskayuna, N.Y.

http://www.sciencenewsforkids.org/articles/20070905/Note2.asp
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(Regarding bees looking for a new home. Karl)

"This is a striking example of decision making by an animal group that is complicated enough to rival the dealings of any department committee," said Seeley, a professor of neurobiology and behavior at Cornell and lead author of the article.
http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/April06/swarm.quorum.ssl.html
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Insects have inspired scientists to transfer features which have been optimized over millions of years to present-day products. Research scientists at the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering IOF in Jena, for example, are working on the development of an ultra-thin image sensor based on the insect eye.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080529105353.htm
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Nature inspires many things, from fashion to perfume to furniture. Now, technology gets a little inspiration.

After watching tiny bugs like these walk on water, Carnegie Mellon University mechanical engineer Metin Sitti wanted one of his own.

"We tried to make a robot to simulate the insect,"

"Right now we move by five centimeters per second, and the real insect can go up to one meter per second. So we are like around 20-times less speed," Sitti says.

In the near future, Sitti says his creation could carry sensors to detect toxins in water supplies. "We can make many of them, like tens or hundreds of them, and cover a wide range and give you constant, continuous, water quality report," he says.

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have built a tiny robot that can walk on water, much like insects known as water skimmers, water skaters, pond skaters or Jesus bugs. Although it is still a prototype, its creators believe it could one day be equipped with biochemical sensors that monitor water quality. It could be used with cameras for spying, search and rescue operations, or for exploration.

Biomimicry is a field in which scientists, engineers, and even architects study models and concepts found in nature, and try to use them to design new technologies. It as a design principle that seeks sustainable solutions to human problems by emulating nature's time-tested patterns and strategies. Nature fits form to function, rewards cooperation, and banks on diversity. For instance, the Eastgate Building in Harare, Zimbabwe, is the country's largest commercial and shopping complex, and yet it uses less than 10 percent of the energy consumed by a conventional building of its size, because there is no central air conditioning and only a minimal heating system. The design follows the cooling and heating principles used in the region's termite mounds.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/videos/2006/0710-robot_walks_on_water.htm
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But for scientists at the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), the periodic cicada also offer clues about how high-speed and high- performance muscles work, and how this knowledge might someday make human muscle work better.

…says Dr.Wang. "Besides documenting the insects' life cycle with some really gorgeous photographs and videos, we found that the tymbal muscle has a special design that allows the muscle to shorten a lot without damaging the motors that drive the muscle."

"To really understand muscle performance, it is important for scientists to look way beyond humans and rodents for sophisticated designs," says Dr. Wang. "These superfast muscles in cicada and elsewhere are the 'Maseratis' of muscle. The question is, 'how do they manage to outperform us?' Can we somehow and someday engineer these features into 'designer muscles' that work faster and stronger and last longer? Can we use this engineered muscle to restore and enhance normal muscle function to people with degenerative muscle diseases?"
http://www.niams.nih.gov/News_and_Events/Spotlight_on_Research/2007/cicada_muscle.asp
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“It appears that a simple creature like a beetle provides us with one of the technologically most sought-after structures for the next generation of computing,” says study leader Michael Bartl, an assistant professor of chemistry and adjunct assistant professor of physics at the University of Utah. “Nature has simple ways of making structures and materials that are still unobtainable with our million-dollar instruments and engineering strategies.”

Utah chemistry doctoral student Jeremy Galusha: “Nature uses very simple strategies to design structures to manipulate light – structures that are beyond the reach of our current abilities...

Many iridescent objects appear that way only when viewed at certain angles, but the beetle remains iridescent from any angle. Bartl says the way the beetle does that is an “ingenious engineering strategy.”
http://www.biologynews.net/archives/2008/05/20/the_photonic_beetle.html
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A beetle’s chemical warfare against marauding ants, birds and frogs has provided the inspiration for a European effort to design more efficient fire extinguishers, reliable pharmaceutical sprays and fuel-injection engines….More recently, the beetle has inspired fanciful brooches that squirt perfume. For more serious pharmaceutical applications, McIntosh and Beheshti believe a water-based combustion chamber could lead to improved inhalers and nebulizers that need not rely on the finicky mechanical springs used to trigger the spray in current versions…..Matching all of the beetle’s natural talents could still be a mean feat. “If we can think of a mechanism, nature has already done it, and better,” Eisner said….“Every time you work with the beetle you end up with something you can’t believe is true.”

Cornell University entomologist Tom Eisner published a seminal 1999 study that used high-speed photography to document the beetle’s pinpoint precision and rapidly pulsing bursts of spray…

Eisner, who has worked with bombardier beetles for four decades, said an enduring mystery is how they tolerate the spray that regularly coats them along with their attackers.
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24637825/
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Lead researcher, Dr Holger Krapp, from Imperial's Department of Bioengineering says the pathway from visual signal to head movement is ingeniously designed: it uses information from both eyes, is direct, and does not require heavy computing power.

He continues: "Anyone who has watched one fly chasing another at incredibly high speed, without crashing or bumping into anything, can appreciate the high-end flight performance of these animals.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-07/icl-itn072108.php
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(Referring to caterpillar camouflage.)

But he admires the simplicity of having a single switch for the entire process. "If we had to design a system to do this, we would design it in the same way," he says.
http://www.newscientist.com/channel/life/dn13366-bird-poo-camouflage-for-caterpillars-unravelled.html
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The researchers, from the University of California, Berkeley, say the work may also shed light on how insects developed such complex visual systems. "Even though insects start with just a single cell, they grow and create this beautiful optical system by themselves," said Professor Luke Lee, one of the authors on the paper.

"I wanted to understand how nature can create layer upon layer of perfectly ordered structures without expensive fabrication technology."
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4946452.stm
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Scientists have thought the ability to form social memories and use them as the basis for complex relationships was a driving force behind the evolution of large brains. But if tiny-brained wasps have such ability, perhaps it doesn't demand as much brainpower as previously thought.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080922122423.htm
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By observing bees trained to visit artificial sugar-traps, Tanner and Visscher discovered that rather than picking a flight path based on the angle of any one waggle, the bees flew off in a direction that more closely matched the mean angle of several waggles. "Bees apparently keep a mental log of the directions indicated in the dance," says Tanner. "I find it remarkable that, with a relatively simple brain, they can do something so mathematically complex."
http://www.newscientist.com/channel/life/mg20026764.800-maths-helps-bees-read-the-waggle-dance.html

The studies burnish the impressive list of honeybees' known cognitive abilities, all achieved with a brain the size of a sand grain.
http://www.livescience.com/animals/080926-bees-count.html
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(I suggest you see my article BWAH HAH HAH HAAAA! after you read this one Karl.)

Scientists at the University of Illinois have conducted a genetic analysis of vespid wasps that revises the vespid family tree and challenges long-held views about how the wasps’ social behaviors evolved.

These findings contradict an earlier model of vespid wasp evolution, which placed the groups together in a single lineage with a common ancestor.

The fact that eusociality evolved independently in two groups of vespid wasps also sheds light on the complexity of evolutionary processes, Cameron said.

“Scientists attempt to make generalizations and simplify the world. But the world isn’t always simple and evolution isn’t simple. This finding points to the complexity of life.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070302082355.htm
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Various teams have attempted to build smaller, lighter wide-angle cameras by copying the design of an insect’s eye.
http://technology.newscientist.com/article/dn15080-bugeyed-lens-shrinks-wideangle-cameras.html
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Using the eyes of insects such as dragonflies and houseflies as models, a team of bioengineers at University of California, Berkeley, has created a series of artificial compound eyes…"I've always wanted to create an advanced, three-dimensional optical system."… What he and his team came up with is a low-cost, easy-to-replicate method of creating pinhead-sized polymer resin domes spiked with thousands of light-guiding channels, each topped with its own lens…"People have said that it would be totally impossible to create them with an angle… To create the artificial eye, the team first needed to construct a hemispherical mold of the eye's outer layer, a structure consisting of thousands of microlenses… The self-alignment, self-writing processes are crucial to the creation of the artificial compound eye. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/04/060428135325.htm
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Designing a synthetic version of the silk could create an underwater adhesive used for liquid stitches. But even more valuable is its potential use as the first artificial human tendons and ligaments. The fly silk's long fibers make it behave a lot like collagen material used in connective tissues, and its ability to adhere in wet conditions make it viable as an internal implant.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130918143341.htm
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Professor Pete Vukusic from Physics at the University of Exeter said: "Understanding iridescence in butterflies and moths has revolutionised our knowledge of natural photonics. By using design ideas from nature we are able to work towards the development of applications in a range of different technologies. In this study the team discovered a new mechanism in photonic vapour sensing that demonstrates combined physical and chemical effects on the nanoscale."
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130909172211.htm
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The researchers speculate that, with achievable modifications to current manufacturing techniques, it should be possible to apply these novel design enhancements to current LED production within the next few years. The firefly specimens that served as the inspiration for the effective new LED coating came from the genus Photuris .. She notes that she and her colleagues will continue to explore the great diversity of the natural world, searching for new sources of knowledge and inspiration. "The Photuris fireflies are very effective light emitters, but I am quite sure that there are other species that are even more effective…
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/01/130108112453.htm
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An insect's compound eye is an engineering marvel : high resolution, wide field of view, and incredible sensitivity to motion, all in a compact package. http://news.sciencemag.org/2013/05/new-camera-inspired-insect-eyes?rss=1
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Researchers have now created a digital camera that mimics the curved, compound structure of an insect eye.
http://www.nature.com/news/digital-camera-gives-a-bug-s-eye-view-1.12914
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The nighttime twinkling of fireflies has inspired scientists to modify a light-emitting diode (LED) so it is more than one and a half times as efficient as the original…"The most important aspect of this work is that it shows how much we can learn by carefully observing nature." http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/01/130108112453.htm
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There are many other research and engineering projects that take inspiration from nature (ants) to solve problems or design robots…
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/21956795
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"We can still learn from nature how to improve our flying robotdesigns, but not without a better understanding of why flies fly so well." http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090731090042.htm
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The demonstration of the first controlled flight of an insect-sized robot is the culmination of more than a decade's work, led by researchers at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard… Inspired by the biology of a fly… the next steps will involve integrating the parallel work of many different research teams who are working on the brain, the colony coordination behavior, the power source, and so on, until the robotic insects are fully autonomous and wireless… "Flies perform some of the most amazing aerobatics in nature using only tiny brains… Their capabilities exceed what we can do with our robot, so we would like to understand their biology better and apply it to our own work."… "You might not expect all of these people to work together: vision experts, biologists, materials scientists, electrical engineers. What do they have in common? Well, they all enjoy solving really hard problems."… "I want to create something the world has never seen before." (http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130502142649.htm) A robot as small as a housefly has managed the delicate task of flying and hovering the way the actual insects do. “This is a major engineering breakthrough, 15 years in the making.”… This “required tremendous innovation in design and fabrication techniques.” (http://www.nature.com/news/tiny-robot-flies-like-a-fly-1.12926) (He) spent many months trying to get the robot to fly. It turned out that if the wings were the least bit asymmetrical, he couldn't control its airborne activity. The pop-up technology helped increase precision, but it still took many rounds of tweaking the design before it finally worked. http://news.sciencemag.org/2013/05/robotic-fly-takes-air-briefly
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An inexpensive optical devices that inspired the design of the fly’s eye opens the door for the development of new imaging devices in medicine (medical imaging device)… Taking the design of the fly’s eye as their starting point, scientists are preparing for the microlens array consisting of 132 pieces of very small-sized lens. http://speres.com/secrets-eye-flies-as-a-source-of-new-medical-technology/
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Details of the bio-inspired (fly eye) camera, which required experts in optics, electronics, fabrication, and modeling and design theory, will be published…
http://phys.org/news/2013-05-bug-eye-hemispherical-digital-camera.html
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While biologists continue to study compound (insect) eyes, materials scientists such as John Rogers try to mimic elements of their design. http://news.sciencemag.org/2013/05/new-camera-inspired-insect-eyes?rss=1
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"We were inspired by the way the locusts' visual system works when interacting with the outside world and the potential to simulate such complex systems in software and hardware for various applications. We created a system inspired by the locusts' motion sensitive interneuron -- the lobula giant movement detector…"Developing robot neural network programmes, based on the locust brain, has allowed us to create a programme allowing a mobile robot to detect approaching objects and avoid them”
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/02/130221084608.htm
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"This work is a great example of the amazing maneuverability of animals (roaches), and how understanding the physical principles used by nature can inspire design of agile robots.” http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/06/120606193851.htm
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Watson says cicada wings are just one of many natural blueprints we can adapt to create a whole new generation of self-cleaning surfaces that can rid themselves of dirt, bacteria and other environmental contaminants. http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2013/04/30/3747559.htm
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"The compound design of the fly's eye incorporates perhaps 28,000 small eyes, or ommatidia…” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-22372442
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Even though both these creatures are made up of a single cell, the wasp – complete with eyes, brain, wings, muscles, guts and genitals – is actually smaller. At just 200 micrometres (a fifth of a millimetre), this wasp is the third smallest insect alive* and a miracle of miniaturisation. http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/notrocketscience/2011/11/30/how-fairy-wasps-cope-with-being-smaller-than-amoebas/
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Inspired by the complex fly eye, an interdisciplinary team led by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Northwestern University has developed a hemispherical digital camera with nearly 200 tiny lenses, delivering exceptionally wide-angle field of view and sharp images… Details of the bio-inspired camera, which required experts in optics, electronics, fabrication, and modeling and design theory, will be published in the May 2 issue of the journal Nature… Huang's lab was responsible for the modeling and design theory for the project, which took the whole team three years to complete...Eyes in arthropods use compound designs, in which arrays of smaller eyes act together to provide image perception…"When implemented with large arrays of microlenses, each of which couples to an individual photodiode, this type of hemispherical design provides unmatched field of view and other powerful capabilities in imaging," he said. "Nature has developed and refined these concepts over the course of billions of years of evolution.”…Building such systems represents a daunting task.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130501131947.htm
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Turner and his CSHL colleagues were able to simultaneously monitor the activity of over 100 individual neurons in a portion of the fly brain called the mushroom body (MB). They did this by engineering a line of flies whose… They have an abundance of receptors that detect odors, and these are "broadly tuned," meaning they are designed to take in and process as many odors as possible, even those that are in chemical terms very similar.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110818101717.htm
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Latest research from Cambridge's Department of Zoology shows that stick insects have specialised pads on their legs designed to produce large amounts of friction with very little pressure…The researchers say the study reveals yet another example of natural engineering successfully combining "desirable but seemingly contradictory properties of human-made materials" -- namely, the best of both hard and soft materials -- simply through clever structural design… These design features work in harmony to generate large amounts of friction with comparatively tiny amounts of pressure from the insect. Importantly, there is hardly any contact area without some tiny amount of pressure -- which means that the specialised 'frictional hairs' don't stick… Arrays of tiny hairs have been found before, for example on the feet of geckos, beetles and flies. However, these hairs are designed to stick, and are used when creatures are vertical or hanging upside down. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140219075446.htm
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This one is so convoluted I had to use bold and red font to show the lunacy of the True Believers in Evolutionism (TBEs) who have to use a high degree of technology and ingenuity to perform a designed task they fanatically try to credit to brainless “evolution.” This one is truly worthy of BWAH HAH HAH HAAAA! Karl

Yale University scientists have chosen the most fleeting of mediums for their groundbreaking work on biomimicry: They've changed the color of butterfly wings. In so doing, they produced the first structural color change in an animal by influencing evolution. The discovery may have implications for physicists and engineers trying to use evolutionary principles in the design of new materials and devices. "What we did was to imagine a new target color for the wings of a butterfly, without any knowledge of whether this color was achievable, and selected for it gradually using populations of live butterflies," said Antónia Monteiro, a former professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at Yale, now at the National University of Singapore.

In this case, Monteiro and her team changed the wing color of the butterfly Bicyclus anynana from brown to violet. They needed only six generations of selection.

Little is known about how structural colors in nature evolved, although researchers have studied such mechanisms extensively in recent years. Most attempts at biomimicry involve finding a desirable outcome in nature and simply trying to copy it in the laboratory. "Today, materials engineers are making complex materials to perform multiple functions. The parameter space for the design of such materials is huge, so it is not easy to search for the optimal design," said Hui Cao, chair of Yale's Department of Applied Physics, who also worked on the study. "This is why we can learn from nature, which has obtained the optimal solutions in many cases via natural evolution over millions of years." Indeed, the scientists explained, natural selection algorithms can select for multiple characteristics simultaneously -- which is standard operating procedure in the natural world.

The desired color for the butterfly wings was achieved by changing the relative thickness of the wing scales -- specifically, those of the lower lamina. It took less than a year of selective breeding to produce the color change from brown to violet. One reason Bicyclus anynana was chosen for the experiment, Monteiro said, was because it has cousin species that have evolved violet colors on their wings twice independently. By reproducing such a change in the lab, the Yale team showed that butterfly populations harbor high levels of genetic variation regulating scale thickness that lets them react quickly to new selective conditions. "We just thought if natural selection has been able to modify wing colors in members of this genus of butterfly, perhaps so can we," Monteiro said. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140805151025.htm
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Now researchers from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have created an artificial eye and navigation system for these drones based on insects’ vision… The artificial eye the Swiss researchers designed weighs only two milligrams… Since they have already developed the algorithms and design of the photosensor, the researchers plan to configure several artificial eyes on one drone to create a more sophisticated visual system…
http://www.popsci.com/new-insect-sight-tiny-drones
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A team of Shanghai Jiao Tong University researchers has used the shape of cicada wings as a template to create antireflective structures fabricated with one of the most intriguing semiconductor materials, titanium dioxide (TiO 2). The antireflective structures they produced are capable of suppressing visible light -- 450 to 750 nanometers -- at different angles of incidence. Why cicada wings? The surfaces of the insect's wings are composed of highly ordered, tiny vertical "nano-nipple" arrays, according to the researchers. As they report this week in Applied Physics Letters, from AIP Publishing, the resulting biomorphic TiO2 surface they created with antireflective structures shows a significant decrease in reflectivity.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/10/161011131253.htm
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See “Bug eyes: Tiny glasses confirm 3D vision in insects” at THANK GOD FOR INSECTS.
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I do not need to add anything (although I could not resist in some instances) to the above words of confused evolutionists.

I hope the reader has realized what contradictions are inherent in evolutionism.

I pray evolutionists will carefully consider what is on this page.