Lesson
LESSON ADDENDUM
(From the math lesson that destroys evolutionism: Middle School Lesson Plan)
(updated 3172014)
“Mathematics is the language of science and technology, and the toolkit by which these and related disciplines explicate their increasingly complex, interdisciplinary, and important investigations into the workings of the natural world and the power of these disciplines to affect it.” Dennis Berkey, President and CEO, Worcester Polytechnic Institute ( http://mpe2013.org/quotes/ (More than 100worldwide scientific societies, universities, research institutes, and organizations united to dedicate 2013 as a year for the Mathematics of Planet Earth)
“ There are four great sciences, without which the other sciences cannot be known nor a knowledge of things secured. ... Of these sciences the gate and key is mathematics.” Roger Bacon ( Chapter 2, for example, in Roger Bacon and Robert Belle Burke (ed.), Opus Maius Chpt. 1 , 1 st paragraph)
“ Maths is the language of the universe.” Marcus du Sautoy, the Charles Simonyi Professor for the Public Understanding of Science, University of Oxford
(http://www.newstatesman.com/education/2010/10/problemsciencemathematics)
“ Mathematics is pure language  the language of science.” Alferd Adler
( Mathematics and Creativity , in The World Treasury of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics , (T. Ferris, ed), Little, Brown and Co, 1991, p. 435)
"Mathematics is the language with which God wrote the universe." Galileo Galilee (please send me the source)
Censoring Creationists
In one of their favorite sound bites, members of the Darwin lobby like to assert that intelligent design scientists do not publish peerreviewed research. That claim is manifestly false. But the fact that intelligent design scholars do publish peerreviewed articles is no thanks to Darwinists, many of whom do their best to ensure that peerreviewed articles by intelligent design scientists never see the light of day.
Witness the brazen censorship earlier this year of an article by University of Texas, El Paso mathematics professor Granville Sewell, author of the book In the Beginning and Other Essays on Intelligent Design. Sewell's article critical of NeoDarwinism ("A Second Look at the Second Law") was both peerreviewed and accepted for publication by the journal Applied Mathematics Letters. That is, the article was accepted for publication until a Darwinist blogger who describes himself as an "opinionated computer science geek" wrote the journal editor to denounce the article, and the editor decided to pull Sewell's article in violation of his journal's own professional standards.
The publisher of Applied Mathematics Letters (Elsevier, the international science publisher) has now agreed to issue a public statement apologizing to Dr. Sewell as well as to pay $10,000 in attorney's fees.
http://www.evolutionnews.org/2011/06/journal_apologizes_and_pays_10047121.html
Chances of Evolution
Evolution preaches that nothing other than random chance in connection with survival of the fittest produced the human brain. Since survival of the fittest does nothing but remove changes that had been created by chance, it is chance and chance alone that is supposed to create the changes in the first place.
What are the odds that all of the connections of the brain (and this is a look at the connections only and not the nerve cells themselves) occurred by chance? There is a mathematical formula that calculates the odds of different arrangements.
Consider a deck of cards. Three of the 52 cards can be arranged in only 6 different ways. So, for 3 cards, the chances are one in 6 that any one arrangement would occur by accident.
When a 4th card is added, there are 4 new arrangements for each one of all of the other arrangements. So, to find the number of arrangements, multiply the new number of cards by the number of previous arrangements. So, when the 4th card is added, multiply 4 (the new number of cards) times 6 (the previous number of arrangements) and the result is the number of arrangements for 4 cards. So, when the 4th card is added, the number of possible arrangements becomes 24 and the chance of any one arrangement occurring by accident is 1 in 24.
To get the new number of arrangements for each new card, multiply the total number of cards by the number of prior arrangements. This is a commonly known mathematical forumla.
For four cards, the formula is 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 = 24. Try it! You can arrange only 4 cards in 24 separate ways.
If there were 5 cards, then the chances of a particular arrangement by chance are 1 in 120 (1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5).
We suggest that you see http://creationdesign.org/english/cards%20calculated.html to see how this works, otherwise you find it difficult to believe what follows. Because when you get to the 20th card, there are more different combinations of cards than there are seconds in two billion years.
If there were 6 cards then the chances are 1 in 720 (1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 x 6), because there are now 6 new arrangements for each of the prior arrangements.
If there were 7 cards, then the chances are 1 in 5040 (1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 x 6 x 7). If 8 cards, then one in 40300.
With 9 there are 362,880, with 10 there are 3,628,800, with 11 there are 39,916,800, with 12 there are 479,001,600, with 13 there are 6,227,020,800, with 14 there are 87,178,291,200, with 15 there are 1,307,674,368,000, with 16 there are 20,922,789,888,000, with 17 there are 355,687,428,096,000, with 18 there are 6,402,373,705,728,000, with 19 there are 121,645,100,408,832,000, and with 20 there are 2,432,902,008,176,640,000 random combinations.
There are only 1,051,200,000,000,000 seconds in two billion years. So, with the random combinations of just 20 cards, one has already surpassed the number of seconds in two billion years by more than two thousand times. That is, the number of random combinations of just 20 cards is more than two thousand times the number of seconds in two billion years.
So, when one considers that there are 1,000,000,000,000,000 cards in the "deck" of neurological connections in a human brain, it is easy to see that it is simply impossible for them to have formed by means of random accidents.
On the other hand, suppose these neurological connections evolved perfectly, with no mistakes whatever. Suppose they were simply "produced" in an assembly line with no evolution necessary. How long would it take to evolve a brain? If they were all "produced" on a regular basis with no mistakes, no survival of the fittest and without the need of generations that slowly bettered themselves, if they were simply produced perfectly formed and perfectly installed, how long would it take? If they had only 2 billion years to do it, then at the rate of one every ten seconds at the end of 2 billion years, they would be 18 billion years behind schedule. There are 1,051,200,000,000,000 seconds in two billion years and there are 1,000,000,000,000,000 neurological connections  this would require a rate of evolution of approximately one fully perfected connection per second for two billion years. And is hardly even the beginning, because at the same time one would have to evolve a nonphysical digital (?) code that describes not only millions upon millions of separate colors, but also every sensation, emotion and thought of man.
The chances of both the accidental creation of the neurons and the arrangement of them are even greater, because the connections and the circuitry must be coincident. They must happen at the same time for every connection and the timing and firing of each neuron must be honed to a perfection down to the nanosecond. The creation of this circuitry involves the creation of exactly the correct electrical current mechanism, creation of the appropriate code used to communicate with other cells, the appropriate size and placement of the neuron (some neurons stretch from the head the toes), the appropriate insulation of the neurological channels, the proper timing mechanisms and unnumbered other characteristics that are properly arranged and organized down to the molecular level and below.
To argue that this was accomplished by a series of random accidents and survival of the fittest is not credible.
http://creationdesign.org/english/chances.html
Book Review by Rod Reynolds
Evolution From Space : A Theory of Cosmic Creationism
Sir Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe
New York: Simon and Schuster, 1981. 176 pp.
http://deluxdata.com/creation/h_w.html
(snips)
Every physical aspect of a living entity derives from the code written in the DNA of its cells.
The essential question is, how did the specific information get there?
For illustrative purposes, the authors isolate one particular problem, namely, the synthesis of the 2000 or so enzymes necessary for biological functioning and which are found in most living things. The authors calculate the probability of obtaining all of them through random associations in an organic soup as one part in 10 40,000, "an outrageously small probability that could not be faced even if the whole universe consisted of organic soup" (p. 24). To obtain another specialized complex protein, the histone H4 (the shortest of the five common histones), the authors calculate is one chance in (20) 100, "a number larger than the total of all the atoms in all the stars and galaxies visible in the largest astronomical telescopes" (p. 27). Another example or two is mentioned. Then the authors explain that "our discussion so far is still quite peripheral to really explaining the origin of life from a terrestrial organic soup of bases, amino acids, phosphates.... Nothing has been said of the origin of DNA itself, nothing of DNA transcription to RNA, nothing of the origin of the program whereby cells organize themselves, nothing of mitosis or meiosis. These issues are too complex to set numbers to" (p. 30). In this connection it's interesting that the chance of obtaining randomly the DNA in a single higher organism has been calculated as about one in 10 3 billion (one followed by 3 billion zeros). And the process of evolution through natural selection from chance mutations, if it were to occur, would be entirely random. By contrast, if the universe is taken to be 20 billion years old, "only" 6.3 X 10 17 (63 followed by 16 zeros) seconds have passed since it began. The authors state, "Darwinian evolution is most unlikely to get even one polypeptide [protein] right, let alone the thousands on which living cells depend for their survival" (p. 148).
The authors conclude, "...the probability of life originating at random is so utterly minuscule as to make the random concept absurd..." (p. 141). "For life to have originated on the Earth it would be necessary that quite explicit instructions should have been provided for its assembly" (p. 30). That leaves the other choice: "The theory that life was assembled by an intelligence" is vastly more probable than the alternative "of being the correct explanation.... Indeed, such a theory is so obvious that one wonders why it is not widely accepted as being selfevident. The reasons are psychological rather than scientific" (p. 130). So the authors are led to conclude from their analysis of the evidence that organic life can only have come into existence through the intervention of an intelligence nonorganic in origin. "The speculations of The Origin of Species turned out to be wrong.... It is ironic that the scientific facts throw Darwin out, but leave William Paley, a figure of fun to the scientific world for more than a century, still in the tournament with a chance of being the ultimate winner" (pp. 9697).
In place of Darwinism the authors propose the concept of directed panspermia.
Evolutionists Try to Prove Evolution with Math
A scientist claims probability mathematics proves all species evolved from a single cell. The headline blares: "All Species Evolved From Single Cell, Study Finds Creationism called ‘absolutely horrible hypothesis’—statistically speaking.” Within the article a statement is made that “The statistical analysis showed that the independent origin of humans is ‘an absolutely horrible hypothesis,’ (he) said, adding that the probability that humans were created separately from everything else is 1 in 10 to the 6,000th power.” (10^6000 or a ten followed by 5,999 zeroes) It is good to know that evolutionists admit that probability can prove whether or not life evolved from a common ancestor.
The evolutionist who came up with these statistics misunderstands or misrepresents what creationists believe. As a true believer in evolutionism, he does not understand that his conclusion is based upon his assumption that life evolved. The commonality among species of a few universal proteins is more logically explained by an Intelligent Designer who wisely used those proteins for interdependent life forms instead of stupidly making them different for each taxonomic domain.
The article insinuated that creation scientists were afraid to be interviewed. I doubt if a serious attempt was made to contact a major creationists. The fact is that the scientist who cruched those numbers is listed as Debate Dodger #22 on the list of hot air evolutionists.
Worthy of inclusion in BWAH HAH HAH HAAAA! is “Testing the theory of universal common ancestry is important, because biologists should question their major tenets just as scientists in other fields do Evolution should not be given any special status.”
"New mathematics research proves there's plenty of time for evolution" (121410) is another headline that gives false hope to true believers in evolutionism. Those evolutionists are just monkeying around with math. Richard Dawkins provided similar propaganda and did it in a funnier way. Both the "study" that generated the guffaw getting headline and the deluded Dr. Dawkins's preposterous proposal fail to make scumtoscientist evolution a reality. See "Dawkins' weasel revisited".
Even Compromisers Know Math Points to God
Dr. Frances Collins (sadly, a theistic evolutionist i.e. evolutionist) believes “in a God outside of space and time who ‘loves mathematics and complexity’…‘ We live on this knife edge of improbability … the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics [points to God's existence.] There’s no particular reason why all the events in the universe should follow simple mathematical equations.’ <link to Life Science Prize (http://www.aaas.org/news/releases/2007/0614collins.shtml )
Applying Probabilities to Evolution
The motivation for this paper came from two conflicting statements that I carried around over several years and finally decided to attempt a resolution. The first is from the evolutionist George Wald claiming time is a great miracle worker in the moleculestoman evolution process; the second is from the celebrated French probabilist Emile Borel stating that highly improbable events never occur. Since moleculestoman evolution requires a huge sequence of highly improbable random events, these two statements are in direct conflict.
http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/aid/v7/n1/applyingprobabilitiestoevolution
The probability that evolutionists will exaggerate (lie?) is 1—a certainty.
For a brief video that puts it in perspective see That's a FactDumb Luck.
Hear Dr. Duane Gish discuss probability. See 19:1026:40
of the video.
Also see:
Probability and the Origin of Life
Dedicated Darwinists have tried to deny the mathematics.
Is There a Problem with Probability?
Ants and the Golden Ratio
Do Cicadas Count?
Can evolution explain math?
Here Come Those Mathematicians Again October 12, 2013
A Gaping Gap?
The last time* mathematicians informed evolutionists there was a problem, which was in 1966 at the Wistar Symposium, they were told that evolution is a fact so there must be something wrong with the math. Now Harvard’s Leslie Valiant is taking a different tack in his new book Probably Approximately Correct. Sounding like Stephen Wolfram, Valiant argues that nature works according to algorithms, and that includes evolution. According to Edward Frenkel’s New York Times book review , Valient proposes that ecorithms—algorithms that interact with their environment—are a key missing part of evolutionary theory:
The evolution of species, as Darwin taught us, relies on natural selection. But Dr. Valiant argues that if all the mutations that drive evolution were simply random and equally distributed, it would proceed at an impossibly slow and inefficient pace.
Darwin’s theory “has the gaping gap that it can make no quantitative predictions as far as the number of generations needed for the evolution of a behavior of a certain complexity,” he writes. “We need to explain how evolution is possible at all, how we got from no life, or from very simple life, to life as complex as we find it on earth today. This is the BIG question.”
Dr. Valiant proposes that natural selection is supplemented by ecorithms, which enable organisms to learn and adapt more efficiently. Not all mutations are realized with equal probability; those that are more beneficial are more likely to occur. In other words, evolution is accelerated by computation.
Well natural selection needs something. Why not ecorithms?
By Cornelius Hunter http://darwinsgod.blogspot.com/
*Book Reviews Mathematical Challenges to the NeoDarwinian Interpretation of Evolution. A symposium, Philadelphia, April 1966. Paul S. Moorhead and Martin M. Kaplan, Eds. Wistar Institute Press, Philadelphia, 1967. xii + 140 pp., illus. Paper, $5. Wistar Institute Symposium Monograph No. 5 John L. Harper Science 26 April 1968: 408.
Also see “Let’s Squash Natural Selection”and Dancing Honeybee Using Vector Calculus to Communicate.
The MOST IMPORTANT math you can do is “Counting to the Appointment.”
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